Mechanism to convert food into energy depends on several factors. Knowing the basic principles of this mechanism, we can learn to distribute the load and eat right, that will significantly improve sports results. Sports nutrition is based on an understanding of how nutrients – fats, proteins and carbohydrates – are converted into energy needed for body exercise. These substances in the body converted into energy in the form of adenosine triphosphate, or ATP. The energy required for muscle, your body takes from the split of adenosine triphosphate.
But each of these three nutrients in a conversion mechanism ATP. Carbohydrates – the main source of energy for intense exercise. Fats, on the contrary, provide energy for long, but intense exercise. Proteins do not supply the body with energy. They are used as building material for fabrics. Energy metabolism in organizme.Organizm can not accumulate ATP (ATP accumulated used by the body for a few seconds), so during physical activity the body has to constantly produce ATP. There are two basic ways to transform the body of nutrients into ATP: aerobic metabolism (with oxygen) and anaerobic metabolism (without oxygen). ATP-FC anaerobic pathway ATP-FC pathway (sometimes called a phosphate system) provides the body with energy for 10 seconds, and is used for short-term intensive workloads, such as, for example, hundred-meter sprint.
In this case, the body does not need oxygen to produce ATP. First, it uses the entire ATP accumulated in the muscles (2-3 seconds), then starts using creatine (kreatinfosfornuyu acid) for the synthesis of ATP. When the battery runs low creatine phosphate (it occurs in 6-8 seconds), the body goes back to the synthesis of ATP by aerobic or anaerobic. Anaerobic metabolism – glycolysis anaerobic metabolism, or glycolysis, ATP is synthesized only from carbohydrates. A byproduct of this metabolism is lactic acid. When glycolysis energy is released as a result of partial digestion of glucose, and it does not require oxygen.
Our world is rapidly improving, the quality of life improves and people can afford much more than before. Even 20 years ago cell phone was a luxury in Russia, well, now every student has an advanced pic. Manufacturers have flooded the goods that were previously in short supply, store shelves are crammed with an abundance of imported and domestic products, a huge proportion of the population moved to the expensive imported cars. AND improvements are observed not only in manufacturing. Russian society has become more relaxed. No one is trying to declare a mythical freedom, effectively standing on a tank in front of the main administrative building of the country.
Political clowns of course remained, but the Russians have become more indifferent to their claims and the revolution is definitely not planned. For many Russians the opportunity to do their business, statistics, public drunkenness falls … But not everything is fine and good, as it may seem at first sight. The fact that the health of Russian citizens is deteriorating and it is a fact. An increasing number of deaths from diseases of different etiologies, increases the number of chronically ill people, and it only pleases the owners of private hospitals, whose number increased from the year 2000 more than 3 times. Why do people suffer? Expansion of production in most cases leads to deterioration of the environment in the region where production facilities are concentrated. The increase in vehicles, especially noticeable in large cities also contributes to ecological collapse in some quarters, areas or throughout the city.
Many of us have time to notice how often subjected to dramatic changes in their appearance the actors for the performance of the role. Immediately reminded of the incredible transformation of Robert De Niro in "Raging Bull" and the unthinkable transformation of Charlize Theron in the movie "Monster." (See photo) Many fans of fitness and bodybuilding and muscles are more interested in bas relief figures "kinoatletov" than the plot of the film. Often they leave the theater, or switch TV, admiring the addition of Sylvester Stallone in "Rocky" or "Rambo", not at all interested in the film itself. Stallone has always been famous for excellent addition, however, looks more impressive transformation of Edward Norton in the film "American History X," Christian Bale in the latest Batman movie, and the owner of a delicious body, the favorite of women, Mr. Brad Pitt.
First Brad Pitt Brad Pitt attracted the attention of viewers to his body in the movie "Fight Club", in the episode where he reveals the torso before the fight with his alter ego – Tyler Derdenom. Pitt character throughout the film demonstrates the extremely thin adding, moving, always ready for action body fat percentage with no more than 4-5%, and weighing about 75-77 kg. A few years later, in Guy Ritchie film "Snatch," in which Pitt played the role of the gypsy Mickey, he appeared on potyazhelevshim 7 kg looking for more than impressive. Still later, Pitt again showed his body in the historical epic "Troy", where he performed the role of Achilles – the greatest warrior of ancient Greece. This begs the question, as Brad Pitt, actor, never possesses outstanding athletic data, managed to transform his body into one of the most exciting figure in the world? The answer is simple – with the help of fitness professionals who have helped him develop a training program and provided a proper diet.