We point as specific object of study CAPS III in the city of Barbalha (CE), centering in the analysis and projection of its services, over all the ones that if they relate to the shelter. Colimando the attributes of the shelter are innumerable the factors that must be considered, amongst which: the listing of the therapeutical activities offered by the unit in question and the accord of these interventions with the determination of the Health department; the establishment of criteria for the act of receiving of users, as well as the lines of direction of its accompaniment, high medication and the subsidies offered in the qualification of the professionals who work in such units. Other pertinent projections to be done, say respect to the physical estruturao of the unit, if he is condizente or not with the services for it offered, considering there the aspects of accessibility and comfort, beyond nuances that they define the participation of the familiar ones in the treatment of the users. Hear other arguments on the topic with Jim Hackett. Beyond them you analyze techniques that this type of study requires, is accurate also to make a theoretical survey more directive than it bases this quarrel and it offers trustworthy prospections for any arguments, even because expositivo the investigativo text and at the same time of this type of study requires a basement each ampler time. The perspective to offer a panorama more complete than approaches the lines of direction of functioning of the CAPS; at the same time indicates the determinative points of its performance consists of a challenge stimulant that perpassa not only the history of the Brazilian health, but also (reverse speed) the quarrel on which has been the aimings made in the specific scope of the mental health. For in such a way a historical briefing becomes necessary retrospecto of the attendance politics the mental health in Brazil and the contextualizao of same with the reality the contemporary.