This research on Down syndrome, also known trisomy 21 which is genetic event natural and universal, present in all races and social classrooms. Extra The child with S.D has an chromosome 21, IE it has three 21 chromosomes in every cell, instead of having two. We call will be trisomy 21. Therefore, the causes of S.D is trisomy of chromosome 21. There ploughs many weaknesses that have patients with the syndrome.
It is based on this aspect that nurses’ performance needs you be qualified and specialized you overcome these barriers and overcome life expectancy of the Down. The nurse cannot deny care you patients because the commitment is you the health of humans. They ploughs fragile children who need care most touched, due you the peculiar physiological complications you the genetic alteration. Disease ploughs lives exposed you when compared with to other normal people. The monitoring of the whole path of life requires determination of the mainly responsible will be the disabled need any encouragement and learning, since they cannot solves, reason, and communicate without interference from adults. After recovering from adds parents who usually goes with the news about the birth of child expected and with Down syndrome is you prepares the arguments and supply the strength you the face the society Therefore, nurses and parents need you be prepared you the deal with to carrier down in an attempt you minimizes the difficulties, generating good results in growth and adaptation of this especially with to other children with poor or not and the world surrounded by people who receive to other smiling and turning away, ignoring and repudiating them. .
In accordance with Schall & Struchiner (2005) apud Thiengo; Oliveira & Rodrigues (2005, P. 69): … For being the AIDS a transmissible illness e, until the moment, incurable, whose indices come increasing in the entire world, it must be considered that the effective components for its control and prevention are the information and the education. Of this form, one becomes essential to think about the AIDS as an illness each more present time in the institutions of health, being indispensable to the professionals of health, particularly to the nurses to make use of knowledge and pedagogical abilities in activities with sights to the education, the control and the prevention of the transmission of the HIV. Thus, the educational alternatives with sights to its prevention must be pautadas in orientaes whose essence is the valuation of the life and the construction of the alternatives of prevention in a freedom climate, responsibility and solidarity human being. According to Breton & Camba (2006, P. 261): It is paper of the nurse, as educator for the health, to work stimulating the carriers of DST to the adhesion to the medicamentoso treatment and the change in the sexual behavior.
It must actively participate of the promotion and distribution of condoms, teaching the rank and divulging its effectiveness as barrier against the DST' s. The nurse must, still, participate of the detention of cases by means of the inquiry during the nursing consultation, guide and direct the patient for the treatment, to manage the therapeutical one and to follow the clinical evolution. Of this form, the professional nurses must reflect on the psicossociais aspects of the DST? s, so that in this way they are developed practical of promotion the health in such a way for the prevention how much for the adolescents who already had developed the infections. For in such a way, an integration of the nurse with the excessively professional ones must be had that composes the multiprofessional team in such a way, so that together they can develop the activities of promotion the health of these adolescents, leading in consideration the individual context how much collective (the THIENGO; OLIVEIRA; RODRIGUES, 2005).