Course of traumatic situations is a great variety, so we can not speak of a single traumatic syndrome. However, attempts were made to the description and classification, and therefore we can say that load may take many forms: 1) acute disorders, ie those reactions that occur immediately after the most traumatic event. 2) Postravmaticheskoe disorder, which means that: Symptoms observed over 6 weeks. Disturbances in social adaptation. Dissociative disorders, ie there is a splitting of emotional reactions and memories, and people talk about the trauma, so as if they happened to someone else. Psychotic disorders. In the end, this can lead to deep depression.
Consider in detail the first point of acute reactions. They often manifest themselves in a state of stupefaction, in behavior is similar to the alienation from others, it seems that people, as if frozen. Others on the contrary, show hyperactivity, and autonomic symptoms of panic, such as palpitations, sweating and shivering. In addition, there can be massive aggression and despair. Postravmaicheskie disorders are pathological reaction in contrast to the acute reaction, which is absolutely normal after a traumatic event. One of the criteria postravmaticheskih disorders is that the events associated with the trauma experienced again and again because of the intrusive memories.
Ie Suddenly a man comes to the memories of sounds, screams, obsessively pursuing images, noise. In addition, the memories are very detailed, often repetitive dreams that cause fear. In this case, people generalize the traumatic situation, and the usual everyday stuff, too, perceived source of danger. This is similar to what happens with a person with severe depression, where it is impossible to cope with everyday things. In addition to Tor, memory impairments and the ability to perceive, respectively successes in teaching are often reduced, which especially evident in the school. And in general it is a high psychic sensitivity and excitability. All very quickly begins to be experienced as a threat. Very often it comes to avoidance behavior. For example, a child caught in accident, and then refuses to sit in the car, or people who can no longer drive past the place where it was an accident, and because of this, go a long way bypass. 5 basic criteria postravmaticheskogo disorder: continued